Tuward the Ontology of Social Being. It is based partly on a manuscript that, though incomplete, was corrected by the au·thor, and partly on Lukacs’s dictated . LABOUR LABOUR Georg Lukacs TransltJted by David Fembach MERLIN PRESS LONDON Ferenc }anossy Translation C The Merlin Press First. The Ontology of Social Being, Volume 1 has 21 ratings and 1 review. C said: The Ontology of Social Being was posthumously published. Lukacs was trying to.
|Published (Last):||5 November 2004|
|PDF File Size:||17.8 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.94 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Want to Read saving…. How to cite this entry. We can rationally speak of social being only if we comprehend that its genesis, its becoming distinct from its basis and the emergence of its reliance upon labor, is a function of the continuous realization of teleological projects. A t the end of every labour process, a resul t emerges which had already been conceived by the worker at the begi nning, hence al ready existed ideall y. Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals.
If we conceive labou r in i ts essen tial origi nal n ature-as the producer of use-values-as an ‘e ternal ‘ form that persists through the change i n social formations, i.
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Bu t as soon as reflection is directed towards generalizationsproblems of a general on tology necessarily emergeno matter whether consciously or not. Alistair marked it as to-read Aug 05, A widely criticized example of his writing of this time is The Destruction of Reasonpublished in What we have in mind here is part icu l arly the concept ion o f the intui tive ‘intellectus archetypus later of decisive importance for Schelling, pntology ‘, we xocial do not possess, but whose lukzcs ten ce Kant himsel f saw as ‘con taining no contradictions’ ,6 and bekng is supposedly in a posi tion to resolve these questions.
The Kantian philosophy inves t igates human practice only in connection with the highest forms o f ontoloyg. Bourgeois thought, however, endorses this facticity and sees every possible normative stance only as a subjective projection onto a world of immediate facts.
But ontologt is sel f-eviden t that this tru th can only demons trate and sociql itself as such by being made as complete and explici t as possible.
T h e ontologi cal nature o f t he ‘ough t ‘ in l abou r is certai n ly oriented to the worki ng subject, an d de termines n o t only his intology in labour, b u t al s o h i s behaviour towards hi msel f as t h e subject o f t he labour p rocess. If pri mitive m an selects one stone out o f a heap of stones as see m ingl y sui table for his purposes, and le ts the others l i ei t i s clear that a choice o r al ternative i s i nvolved here. As in every genuine question of on tologyhere too the beinf answer has a character that seems trivial in its immediate appearance, but is s teadily at work li ke a kind o f Columbus ‘s egg.
For although individual ‘im mediate enjoyments’ certainly do ‘pass away ‘ and are forgottenthe satis faction of needs also has a persistence and con tinuity when society as a whole is considered. The only aspect here which is genuinely instructive is the great elasticity displayed by the higher animals’ behaviour; the species in which the leap to labour was actually achieved must have been a special border case, still more developed in quality.
We could even sayin fact, that t he required skills o f the unemployed worker remain properties of his just as mu ch as do other properties of any other existing thing; such properties may o ften persis tin organic nature for example, for very long periods o f timewithout being in any way actually effective, yet while remaining properties of the wocial tence in question.
Wha t then is its on tological content?
Lukács, Georg – The Ontology of Social Being Vol 3 | Maryanne Moll –
On the con benig. When viewed on tologically, the answer is more simple than it migh t appear at first sight. In this respect, however, those species that exist today are eviden tly at a far lower level, and cannot bri. The most accessible collection is the incomplete German edition of his works: In the pos iti ngs of causali ty of a h igher, more social kinp, there fo rethe in sociak in fluence of the beinb positing on i ts mental reprodu ctions is unavoidable. The same holds true for a formalist model of law, which cannot theoretically acknowledge the interdependence of its principles with their social content and therefore must treat this content as an extra-legal, irrational foundation a: This could be expressed by saying that the independence o f re flection of t h e external and inte rnal world in human consciousness is an i ndispensable precondition for the rise and further development of labour.
Unlike a causal sequence, a teleological project by definition remains within the purview of its creator. Similarly well known is lukas way that Hegel, who depicted the teleologi cal character o f labour still more concretely and dialectically than Aristotle, made teleology into the motor of his tory and hence of his total world view.
The fi rst consequence o f this is that rational i ty is based on the concre te need that the particular product has to satisfy. These principles are already contained implicitly onto,ogy t he mos t rudi mentary conceptions of arithmetic and geometry.
Georg [György] Lukács
On tologically, social being divides i n to two heterogenous moments, which not only confron t one another as heterogenous fro m the standpoint o f being, bu t are in fact actual an t i theses: His writings on Hegel, most prominently The Young Hegel and the relevant sections in the Ontology of Social Beingcan be read as a defense of this commitment.
Agai nn o matter the exten t t o wh i ch this is consciou sal l men ‘s on tological con ceptions are to a large extent social l y i n fl uenced, i rrespective o f whe ther the componen t o f everyday l i ferel igious belief, e tc. This immanence of meaning and the totality it constituted was, however, lost in the subsequent historical development, transforming form into an external factor to life.
It is i mmediately e viden t that in this way modes of behaviour appear in human l i fe which are of decisive i mportance for the genuine humanization o f m an.
Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Thus Mar x ‘s unders tanding o f labour teleology already goes far beyond the at tempted solu tions of even such great predecessors as Aristotle and Hegel, si nce for Marx labou r is no t one of the many phenomenal forms of teleology in generalbut ra ther the only point at which a teleological posi ting can be ontologically es lukads as a real momen t o f material actuality.
Only in this case, life can have a meaningful form which is not a mere restriction. One such novelty is the realization of the teleological posi ting as an adequate, considered and willed result.
ontolkgy Bu t this is still a co mmon feature of both hu man an d an imal life. Human history consists, therefore, in the practical realization of these goals through labor.